The Aedes mosquito is a genus of mosquitoes originally found in tropical and subtropical zones, but now found on all continents except Antarctica. Many of the species have been able to expand their geographic distribution due to international trade and have been inadvertently spread across the world by humans.
They are visually very distinctive compared to the other genus of mosquito, mainly due to the black and white markings on their legs and bodies. The average life span in nature is about 2 weeks, but they can lay about 3 times in this lifetime with approximately 100 eggs each time. Their eggs withstand very dry conditions and lie dormant for up to 9 months until the right conditions for them to hatch.
They are opportunistic and aggressive biters, whose feeding peaks at dawn and dusk. However, some types of Aedes (such as Aedes aegypti) are capable of breeding indoors and therefore bite throughout the day.
Members of the Aedes genus are known vectors of many diseases, most notably dengue fever, yellow fever, West Nile fever, Chikungunya, eastern equine encephalitis, and more recently the Zika virus.